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That being said, sewing enthusiasts consider fabric the greatest source of inspiration. At Fabric Fabric, we have the largest selection. Create, garments, home decor items or to be used in crafting and quilting. Fabrics come in two main categories: made from natural fibres or from man-made material.
Natural fibres used in fabrics
Natural fibers are those that come from a plant, animal or mineral source. Cotton and linen are examples of plant fibers, while silk and wool come from animal sources.
• Cotton uses, socks, underwear, and most T-shirts are made from cotton. Bed sheets often are made from cotton. Cotton also is used to make yarn used in crochet and knitting. Fabric also can be made from recycled or recovered cotton that otherwise would be thrown away during the spinning, weaving, or cutting process.
• Linen is also considered a versatile fabric. A popular choice for apparel and home decor for warmer climates. Linen is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.
• Silk Fabric Information. Silk fabric is widely regarded as the most luxurious textile on the planet. ... The most abundant form of silk, a natural protein fiber, is cultivated from the cocoon of mulberry silkworm larvae.
• Wool" is "the fiber from the fleece of the sheep or lamb or hair of the Angora or Cashmere goat (and may include the so-called specialty fibers from the hair of the camel, alpaca, llama, and vicuna) which has never been reclaimed from any woven or felted wool product".
It is widely used in carpets, blankets, garments and home decor .
• Leather is soft, is used for clothing, shoes, bags and other accessories.Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skin.
• Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum.
Synthetic fibers used in fabrics
• Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) is the result of extensive research by scientists to improve on naturally occurring animal and plant fibres. In general, synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber forming materials through spinnerets into air and water, forming a thread. Before synthetic fibres were developed, artificially manufactured fibres were made from polymers obtained from petrochemicals. These fibres are called synthetic or artificial fibres. Some fibres are manufactured from plant-derived cellulose.. Acetate fibres are used to create satin, taffeta, and linings.
• Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units. Typical comonomers are vinyl acetate or methyl acrylate.
The added advantage is that these fabrics hold their shape longer, resist wrinkles and dry quickly.
• Nylon Variation of luster: nylon has the ability to be very lustrous, semilustrous or dull. Durability: its high tenacity fibers are used for seatbelts, tire cords, ballistic cloth and other uses. High elongation. Excellent abrasion resistance. Highly resilient (nylon fabrics are heat-set)
• Spandex is an extremely elastic fibre that can stretch to over 500% without breaking and still return to its original shape. This fibre is often blended with other fibres to lend elasticity to knits, denim, or even suiting fabrics.
• Polyester is a strong and durable synthetic fabric. Polyester dries quickly and can be washable or dry clean only, so check your tags. Polyester is often used as a blend with other fabrics to lend wrinkle resistance. It is not the easiest fabric to remove stains from, and doesn't breathe as well as other fabrics may.
• Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber. It is made from purified cellulose, primarily from wood pulp, which is chemically converted into a soluble compound.
Selecting a fabric
It is important to determine the use of the item that you are sewing before selecting the fabric. It is therefore important to choose wisely. Often times, when using a pattern, the instructions will indicate what type of fabric is suitable for that project. There are also experts online and in fabric stores who can assist you in selecting the appropriate material for your project.